The New York Times: Китай и США пытаются согласовать военную стратегию
....“It’s not that we need another enemy like the Soviet Union,” Bonnie S.
Glaser, a senior fellow in Chinese security policy at the Center for Strategic
and International Studies in
From an American standpoint, the Chinese have been ambiguous about their motivations. In January, fresh from a summit meeting with President Obama in
Yet the Chinese army — not to mention large factions in China’s bureaucracy, its leadership and the all-powerful Communist Party — regard the United States as determined to thwart China’s rightful emergence as a global power.
They note that the United States has shifted the bulk of its aircraft carriers from the Atlantic to the Pacific, that it recently strengthened military agreements with Singapore and Australia, that it is courting China’s rival, India, and that it has sought to intervene diplomatically in the South China Sea, where China and most of its neighbors have experienced bitter territorial disputes.
They also note that the
And so the Chinese are building what they call an entirely defensive force, although one that includes weapons that exist primarily to strike American military targets.
“I can understand people in the Pentagon and the P.L.A. planning for worst-case scenarios — all militaries do that,” said Dennis J. Blasko, an independent scholar who worked as a
Admiral Mullen, in his visit to
But on both sides of the Pacific, suspicions inevitably rise every time one side unveils a new weapon or cements an old alliance.
Some American analysts say the two nations’ moves and countermoves could doom any chance for a true military and diplomatic accommodation. Others say the
Charles W. Freeman Jr., a former diplomat whom Mr. Obama unsuccessfully nominated to lead the National Intelligence Council, made that case forcefully in a recent speech to the China Maritime Studies Institute, which is based in
Some analysts dispute his assessment. But most would agree that it costs much less to build a missile that can sink an American carrier than it does to build the carrier and a sophisticated anti-missile defense system.
China may be to able to affords the missile, and the US may be able to build the ship and the defence system. But whether they are necessary might be another matter. Said one American analyst, "We're priming for a fight that I'm not sure either of US needs or wants to have".