«В настоящее время строительство легководного реактора идет полным ходом. Для того, чтобы обеспечить его топливом, функционирует предприятие, оборудованное несколькими
тысячами центрифуг», - пишет центральный печатный орган Трудовой партии Кореи
Центральное телеграфное агентство Кореи (ЦТАК) отмечает, что «в будущем развитие объектов ядерной энергетики с мирными целями станет еще более активным».
Вашингтон: Китай обязан предостеречь КНДР от «воинственного поведения»
Правительство Китая обязано
сказать властям Северной Кореи о том, что она должна прекратить свое
воинственное поведение, заявил представитель Белого дома Роберт Гиббс.
Соответствующая реакция Вашингтона последовала на признание властей КНДР, которые сообщили, что на заводе по обогащению урана, существование которого до
недавнего времени скрывалось, работают тысячи центрифуг.
Южная Корея намерена жестко реагировать в дальнейшем на возникновение возможных инцидентов
с КНДР и считает сейчас неуместным
возобновление шестисторонних переговоров по ядерной проблеме Корейского полуострова.
Об этом заявил во вторник российским журналистам посол Южной Кореи Ли Юн Хо.
«В случае признаков новых провокаций мы будем отвечать решительными действиями», - сказал посол. Он
выразил уверенность в том, что вероятность новых инцидентов сохраняется.
Что касается диалога с КНДР и попыток урегулировать ситуацию путем переговоров, Ли Юн Хо сказал, что в
Сеуле выступают за диалог, но не собираются вести его ради самого диалога.
«Позиция Южной Кореи заключена в том, что для возобновления диалога «шестёрки» Северная Корея должна
показать свою твердую волю к денуклеаризации конкретными шагами», - подчеркнул
«Демонстрация завода по
обогащению урана и провокация на острове Йонпхёндо убедили Сеул в том, что
сейчас не время проводить шестисторонние переговоры», - сказал Ли Юн Хо.
Генсек ООН Пан Ги Мун встревожен ситуацией вокруг недавнего инцидента между Южной Кореей и
КНДР в Жёлтом море и призывает не допускать дальнейшего обострения.
«Я думаю, что заинтересованные стороны обсуждают очень серьёзно, как сократить напряженность
на Корейском полуострове, и решать все эти вопросы. Прежде всего на Корейском полуострове не должно быть неспровоцированных атак», - заявил Пан Ги Мун во
вторник в эксклюзивном интервью РИА Новости.
По его словам, он обеспокоен ситуацией и как генеральный секретарь ООН, и как гражданин Республики Корея.
«Это один из самых тяжелых инцидентов со времени окончания Корейской войны», - сказал Пан Ги Мун, напомнив, что он ранее уже опубликовал заявление, призывающее к сдержанности и
осуждающее удар КНДР.
«Я понимаю, что заинтересованные стороны обсуждают этот вопрос серьезно, и как генеральный
секретарь ООН призываю к тому, чтобы все различия во мнениях урегулировались мирно, и ООН всегда готова содействовать такому прогрессу при обращении
заинтересованных сторон», - заявил он.
Генсек ООН при этом отметил роль Китая как ближайшего соседа Кореи.
«Китай всегда был активно вовлечен в этот процесс... Я думаю, что заинтересованные стороны обсуждают
очень серьезно, как сократить напряженность на Корейском полуострове и решать
все эти вопросы», - заключил Пан Ги Мун.
Южная Корея не имеет планов свержения власти в Пхеньяне, заявил южнокорейский посол в Москве Ли Юн Хо.
«У нас нет планов свержения власти в Северной Корее», - сказал Ли Юн Хо в ответ на просьбу РИА Новости
прокомментировать раскрытые на сайте WikiLeaks конфиденциальные данные о том,
что в США и Южной Корее планировали воссоединение двух государств.
«Военная стратегия Сеула заключается в том, что мы проводим только оборонительные учения, не
направленные на агрессию», - отметил Ли Юн Хо.
Вместе с тем он подчеркнул, что Сеул может дать ответ на «провокации» со стороны КНДР. «Мы надеемся, что
войны не будет, но важно посмотреть, какими будут эти провокации», - сказал
КНДР держит глобальную интригу
North, led by one of the world’s most brutal family dynasties, collapsed.
Over an official lunch in late February, a top South Korean diplomat confidently told the American ambassador, Kathleen Stephens, that the fall would come “two to three years” after the death of Kim Jong-il, the country’s ailing leader, Ms. Stephens later cabled
to be placated. So
As for the
the cable said, “
now divides the two
This trove of cables ends in February, just before
launched a torpedo attack on the Cheonan, a South Korean warship, that killed 46 sailors.
Three weeks ago it revealed the existence of a uranium enrichment plant, potentially giving it a new pathway to make nuclear bomb material. And last
week it shelled a South Korean island, killing two civilians and two marines
and injuring many more.
None of that was predicted in the dozens of State Department cables about North Korea obtained by WikiLeaks, and in fact even China, the North’s
closest ally, has often been startlingly wrong, the cables show. But the documents help explain why some South Korean and American officials suspect
that the military outbursts may be the last snarls of a dying dictatorship.
They also show that talk of the North’s collapse may be rooted more in hope than in any real strategy: similar predictions were made in 1994 when the
country’s founder, Kim Il-sung, suddenly died, leaving his son to run the most
isolated country in Asia. And a Chinese expert warned, according to an American
The cables about North Korea — some emanating from Seoul, some from Beijing, many based on interviews with government officials, and others with scholars,
defectors and other experts — are long on educated guesses and short on facts,
illustrating why their subject is known as the Black Hole of Asia. Because they
are State Department documents, not intelligence reports, they do not include the most secret American assessments, or the American military’s plans in case
They contain loose talk and confident predictions of the end of the dynasty that has ruled
diplomats, who secretly sought refuge in the South.
But they were also influenced by a remarkable period of turmoil inside
revalue the currency and sketchy intelligence suggesting that the North’s
military might not abide the rise of Mr. Kim’s son Kim Jong-un, who was
recently made a four-star general despite having no military experience.
The cables reveal that in private, the Chinese, long seen as
occasionally provide the Obama administration with colorful assessments of the state of play in
Chinese officials themselves sometimes even laugh about the frustrations of dealing with North Korean paranoia. In April 2009, just before a North Korean
nuclear test, He Yafei, the Chinese vice foreign minister, told American
officials at a lunch that the country wanted direct talks with the United
States and to get them was acting like a "spoiled child" to get the
attention of the "adult."
When James B. Steinberg, the deputy secretary of state, sat down in September 2009 with one of
most powerful officials, Dai Bingguo, state councilor for foreign affairs, Mr. Dai joked that in a recent visit to
official reported that although Kim Jong-il had apparently suffered a stroke
and had obviously lost weight, he still had a “sharp mind” and retained his
reputation among Chinese officials as “quite a good drinker.” (Mr. Kim
apparently assured Mr. Dai during a two-hour conversation in
But reliable intelligence about Mr. Kim’s drinking habits, it turns out, does not extend to his nuclear program, about which even the Chinese seem to be
in the dark.
On May 13, 2009, as American satellites showed unusual activity at North Korea’s nuclear test site, officials in Beijing said they were “unsure” that
North Korean “threats of another nuclear test were serious.” As it turns out,
the North Koreans detonated a test bomb just days later.
Soon after, Chinese officials predicted that negotiations intended to pressure the North to disarm would be “shelved for a few months.” They have
The cables also show that almost as soon as the Obama administration came to office, it started raising alarms that the North was buying up
components to enrich uranium, opening a second route for it to build nuclear
weapons. (Until now, the North’s arsenal has been based on its production of
plutonium, but its production capacity has been halted.)
In June 2009, at a lunch in
Ministry officials reported that
Koreans revealed this month, an industrial-scale enrichment plant was already
under construction. It was apparently missed by both American and Chinese
The cables make it clear that the South Koreans believe that internal tensions in the North have reached a boiling point. In January of this year,
that the South Koreans saw an “increasingly chaotic” situation in the North.
In confidence, he told the American official, Robert R. King, the administration’s special envoy for North Korean human rights issues, that a
number of “high-ranking North Korean officials working overseas” had recently
defected to the South. Those defections were being kept secret, presumably to give American and South Korean intelligence agencies time to harvest the
But the cables also reveal that the South Koreans see their strategic interests in direct conflict with
creating potentially huge diplomatic tensions over the future of the
The South Koreans complain bitterly that
a “buffer zone” between
At one point, Ambassador Stephens reported to
to give up its nuclear program.
Mr. Chun, now the South Korean national security adviser, complained to Ambassador Stephens during their lunch that
‘most incompetent official,’ an arrogant, Marx-spouting former Red Guard who
‘knows nothing about
But the cables show that when it comes to the critical issue of succession, even the Chinese know little of the man who would be
As recently as February 2009, the American Consulate in Shanghai — a
significant collection point for intelligence about North Korea — sent cables
reporting that the Chinese who knew North Korea best disbelieved the rumors
that Kim Jong-un was being groomed to run the country. Several Chinese scholars
with good contacts in the North said they thought it was likely that “a group of high-level military officials” would take over, and that “at least for the
moment none of KJI’s three sons is likely to be tapped to succeed him.” The
oldest son was dismissed as “too much of a playboy,” the middle son as “more
interested in video games” than governing. Kim Jong-un, they said, was too
young and inexperienced.
But within months, a senior Chinese diplomat, Wu Jianghao, was telling his American counterparts that Kim Jong-il was using nuclear tests and missile
launchings as part of an effort to put his third son in place to succeed him,
despite his youth.
“Wu opined that the rapid pace of provocative actions in North Korea was due to Kim Jong-il’s declining health and might be part of a gambit under which
Kim Jong-il would escalate tensions with the United States so that his
successor, presumably Kim Jong-un, could then step in and ease those tensions,”
the embassy reported back to Washington in June 2009.
But carrying out plans for an easy ascension may be more difficult than expected, some are quoted as saying. In February of this year the American
Consulate in Shenyang reported rumors that Kim Jong-un “had a hand” in the
decision to revalue the North’s currency, which wiped out the scarce savings of
most North Koreans and created such an outcry that one official was executed
for his role in the sudden financial shift. The cables also describe secondhand
reports of palace intrigue in the North, with other members of the Kim family
preparing to serve as regents to Kim Jong-un — or to unseat him after Kim
Обстрел Йонпхёндо объединил южнокорейское общество вокруг жёсткой политики в отношении КНДР.
Среди южнокорейской молодёжи растут милитаристские настроения.
the South Korean public around a more aggressive policy toward the North.
Lee took office in 2008 vowing to end the decade-long "sunshine policy" of his two predecessors, which increased political and economic
But Lee found the Korean public deeply divided, with little appetite among many for a return to a more confrontational approach.
young people not believing the official government-led report that found
The split largely reflected what analysts and average Koreans agreed was a generational divide.
Older Koreans, especially those who fought in the Korean War or had a living memory of it, were vastly more inclined to view
who came of age during the sunshine policy, had no interest in a conflict and
were just as inclined to disbelieve their own political leaders as to blame
"My generation is only thinking about resolving the situation peacefully without war. My parents always factored in war as a
possibility," said Choi So-young,
Another student, Byun Jong-kuk, 25, who is studying political science at Yonsei, said, "Definitely there is a generation gap."
"The older generation was educated with the anti-communist focus," Byun added. "But people in their 20s, we've gone to high
school and university under the government's sunshine policy. I think the gap
was very vivid during the Cheonan sinking. But the country is unified
In another part of the city, where a group of octogenarian Korean War veterans gathered Monday for their monthly buffet lunch followed by a chat in
the next-door coffee shop, the talk was much the same - about the latest North
Korean provocation, the government's response and
"Young people have no knowledge of history," he said.
"They are educated to think 'we don't want war.' You can't expect them to fight for the country."
But he added: "Since the Yeonpyeong attack, young people realize we should not sit idly by."
Shim Ho-eun, 84, also a retired lieutenant colonel, agreed that the attack may have been "a wake-up call."
"We grew up in a hard time, in poverty," Shim said, slicing the air with his hand for emphasis. "The young generation grew up in a more prosperous time. I think
maybe they are lacking in patriotism. Maybe this Yeonpyeong case is a chance for them to renew their patriotism."
The old vets were highly critical of the sunshine policy, launched by Kim Dae-jung in 1998 and continued by his successor, Roh Moo-hyun. The policy
saw some dramatic successes, including the establishment of an industrial park
six miles north of the demilitarized zone, and the first summit of the
presidents of North and
The older Koreans also spoke in bitter terms about
threat the country faced. Before the end of military rule in
extreme anti-communism was a staple of classrooms. But conservative critics complain that under
Lee Nae-Young, a political scientist at
Although there still would be differences about exactly how the country should respond to future attacks, he said: "After the Yeonpyeong provocation,
President Lee was alluding to that emerging new consensus in his address to the nation Monday morning. Outlining a series of North Korean attacks
stretching back two decades, he said
Saying he was "outraged by the ruthlessness of the North Korean regime," Lee added: "There was a split in public opinion over the
torpedoing of the Cheonan. Unlike that time, our people have united as one this
Byun, the political science student, said it might have taken a dramatic incident like the attack on Yeonpyeong to shake young people out of their
complacency. "The young generation doesn't know," he said. "When
they were born, there was freedom and peace."
He added, switching to English from Korean: "The young generation doesn't know about freedom and how to achieve it. It's a big problem."
Ли Мён-бак взял ответственность за неспособность защитить страну «Южная Корея изменит свою долгосрочную
политику, не соответствующую военным вызовам, исходящим от Севера», - обещает президент
По словам Ли, политика толерантности и великодушия привела к росту числа провокаций.
"In the past, North Korea has provoked us on many occasions, but this is the first time they have made a direct attack on South Korean
soil," said Lee, making his first public remarks since the Nov. 23 attack on civilian-inhabited Yeonpyeong island heightened fears of an all-out
conflict. "Launching a military attack on civilians is a crime against
humanity, even during wartime."
Now, Lee said, "South Koreans realize that tolerance and generosity bring more provocation."
He said that
Baek Seung-joo, a researcher at the Korea Institute for Defense Analysis, called the speech "a turning point for South Korean government
policy dealing with
that, "If internal and external war maniacs make a provocation again, we
will counter it without hesitation, grub up the base of the aggressors entirely and cleanse the root cause of war clearly."
where the media and other channels of communication are tightly controlled by
the government, such commentaries are akin to official government statements.
The attack on the island exposed weaknesses in the South Korean defense system, which the government has in recent days promised to mend. South Korean
troops took 13 minutes to return artillery fire - and by that time, scores of
houses and buildings were already destroyed.
The military has since announced plans to upgrade its weaponry and to give front-line troops more flexible rules of engagement.
The attack has also become a political crisis for the government, forcing the resignation of the defense minister, who took the blame for the
delayed response. Lee was criticized for not taking a tougher line against the
disputed maritime border.
Over the weekend,
regrettable." But the North blamed
The U.S.-South Korean military exercises are intended "to send a very powerful signal of deterrence," Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, said in a television interview on CNN.
if its territorial waters are violated.
The drills are taking place about
The crisis has placed intense pressure on
KCNA also reported on Monday that the North's reclusive leader, Kim Jung
Il, attended a performance of the national orchestra along with his son and
designated successor, Kim Jong Eun. The report did not say when the concert
The news service released photos showing the ruler and his son with Kim Myong-guk, a four-star general who is chief of the North Korean People's Army
general staff. Analysts in
Analysts said the photos were taken close to several islands with artillery batteries, and surmised that Kim Jong Il may have been visiting the
site where the attack on Yeonpyeong was launched.
talks, which include the
But South Korean officials said they told the Chinese privately that they were not interested in talks at the moment, and some expressed surprise that
"There was a mention by the Chinese side about the six-party talks,
but it was not discussed seriously,"
the meeting that "it is not an appropriate time" for negotiations.
"I am one who believes we shouldn't be rewarding bad behavior here."
Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), speaking on a separate CNN show, singled out
"And I cannot believe that the Chinese should, in a mature fashion, not find it in their interest to restrain
McCain also said that
and called for regime change, but stressed that he meant by peaceful means.