On Nov. 27, 2001, North Korean soldiers opened fire across the demilitarized border zone at a South Korean guardpost. South Korean soldiers responded with fire, though none were killed from either side. Another exchange of fire would not be recorded until July 23, 2003.
Despite the Nov. 27 incident, two days later the
And even after President George W. Bush in January 2002 characterized North Korea, along with Iraq and Iran, as part of the so-called “axis of evil,” Secretary of State Colin Powell reiterated that Washington was willing to resume dialogue with the North at "any time, any place, or anywhere without any preconditions."
On June 29, 2002, two North Korean patrol ships crossed into the South Korean-controlled area of the
The skirmish occurred just after
As with the most recent exchange of fire, both the North and South blamed the other for initiating the attack. The South demanded an apology, which a North Korean Navy spokesman called "the height of impudence.'' CNN estimated then that some 30 North Korean sailors were killed or injured in retaliatory fire.
"The military provocation of preemptive firing by a North Korean Navy patrol ship is a clear violation of the armistice and an act that raises tension on the Korean peninsula. We cannot keep silent," said South Korean President Kim Dae-jun, echoing remarks that would be repeated by other leaders after skirmishes with the reclusive North.
A series of North Korean moves in late February and early March of 2003 appeared to send a signal to the incoming South Korean president and test US resolve in the region.
On Feb. 24, 2003,
A week later, on March 2, four North Korean jets intercepted an unarmed
On July 4, 2006, Kim Jong-il test launched seven missiles, including the 118-ft.-long Taepodong-2 missile potentially capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. North Korean officials called it part of "regular military drills to strengthen self-defense."
The missiles mostly landed in Russian waters. Japan suspended contacts with the North and called for an emergency UN Security Council meeting, although
The missile test – as with the Nov. 23, 2010, incident – was thought to be an attempt by Kim Jong-il to increase his bargaining power at approaching six-party talks on
As then-Beijing bureau chief Robert Marquand wrote: "Kim, like his father, runs his poor and isolated country on a complex principle of "self-reliance" called Juche, which has turned
The same is being speculated of the most recent provocation, with Kim's son – and heir apparent – now seeking to project his own image.
On March 23, 2008,
The test fire was also seen as a response to the South Korean government's firm stance on relations with
On March 26,
"The evidence points overwhelmingly to the conclusion that the torpedo was fired by a North Korean submarine,” a report concluded. “There is no other plausible explanation.”
South Korean President Lee Myung-bak initially promised “resolute countermeasures” to make
On Oct. 29, 2010, North Korean troops fired precisely two shots near a South Korean guard post along the border, prompting the South to fire three shots in return. It was believed to be the first exchange of fire on land since 2006, the Guardian reported.
The skirmish came six months after the sinking of the South Korean naval corvette Cheonan, for which the South said it was cutting off diplomatic ties with the North until
В 2009г. провокаций не было.
Но КНДР в марте 2009г. провела ядерные испытания, которые сплотили Совбез ООН вокруг «новых санкций» и дали новый виток милитаристской риторики.