The 236-page list names dozens of products known as "dual-use technologies," meaning that although ostensibly meant for civilian purposes, they can also be used in military programs.
"The dual-use products and technologies that are forbidden from being exported to North Korea delineated in this list have uses in weapons of mass destruction," the ministry said in a statement on its website.
It did not say if the document was a comprehensive list of banned goods.
Released by the commerce ministry along with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the China Atomic Energy Authority, the document describes items that could be used to build nuclear and chemical weapons, as well as technology that could build and fuel nuclear reactors.
It also explicitly bans the export of several biological agents, including the Ebola virus.